Chapter

Jordan: Rentierism and State Survival

Rolf Schwarz

in War and State Building in the Middle East

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037929
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042138 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037929.003.0004
Jordan: Rentierism and State Survival

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This chapter looks at a second war-making state in the region. Jordan, like Iraq, has been engaged in war making since independence, and was involved in the 1948 War with Israel, the Six-Day War (June War) of 1967 with Israel, the military campaign against the PLO and Syria in September 1970, and the Yom Kippur War of 1973 with Israel. From a “war-makes-states” perspective, one would again expect the emergence of a strong state. While it has managed to avoid state failure as occurred in Iraq, Jordan is still characterized by weakness, and consequently constitutes an intriguing case for explaining state survival in the face of fragility. Contributing to Jordan's survival have been the availability of rents, the evolution of a cohesive civilian and military elite motivated by self-interest in preserving their political patrimony, the loyalty of the armed forces and the domestic security establishment, and the persistent interest of external powers in Jordan's continued stability.

Keywords: Hashemite; monarchy; legitimacy; Arab Legion; tribes; remittances; social welfare

Chapter.  6176 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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