The Key to Carolina:

Daniel Ingram

in Indians and British Outposts in Eighteenth-Century America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037974
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042169 | DOI:
The Key to Carolina:

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  • History of the Americas


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This chapter studies Fort Loudoun, built by South Carolina in 1756 in the remote Overhill region of what is now eastern Tennessee, to protect their western frontier from French and Indian attack. However, the purpose of the fort was not to provide military might or intimidation, but to please the province's powerful Cherokee allies. The Cherokee had requested the fort for protection and status, and would provide the defense South Carolina wanted if their demands were properly satisfied. Fort Loudoun's creation, and the participation of leaders Little Carpenter and Old Hop, shows that Cherokee culture and ambitions were more important than troops and bulwarks in managing and defending the colonial backcountry.

Keywords: Loudoun; Carolina; Cherokee; French attack; Little Carpenter; Old Hop

Chapter.  12404 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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