Chapter

Agriculture and Monumentality in the Soconusco Region of Chiapas, Mexico

Robert M. Rosenswig

in Early New World Monumentality

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780813038087
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043128 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0005
Agriculture and Monumentality in the Soconusco Region of Chiapas, Mexico

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Using the site of Cuauhtémoc in the Soconusco as a starting point, I examine the earliest monumental architecture in Mesoamerica. In 1600 bce, Cuauhtémoc began an 800-year occupation as a local center; yet it was only during the Conchas phase (900–800 bce) that a 5 m high mound was built at the site. The Conchas phase was also when the regional center of La Blanca was founded and a 25 m mound erected. While ambitious leaders had been competing with each other for centuries, the Conchas phase provides evidence of a new level of social stratification in the Soconusco.

Keywords: Preclassic period archaeology; Formative period archaeology; Mesoamerica; Soconusco; Olmec; early architecture; social complexity; origins of agriculture; monumentality

Chapter.  9718 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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