Chapter

Preceramic and Initial Period Monumentality within the Casma Valley of Peru

Thomas Pozorski and Shelia Pozorski

in Early New World Monumentality

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780813038087
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043128 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0013
Preceramic and Initial Period Monumentality within the Casma Valley of Peru

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In the Casma Valley area of Peru, truly monumental construction suddenly appears in the Initial Period associated with the advent of inland intensive agriculture along with a continued dependence on marine resources for animal protein. Sociopolitical complexity approaching early state-level society is reflected in numerous sites that exhibit precise modular site planning, huge mounds erected in large labor-intensive building phases, and special function constructions that contain both “practical” and “non-practical” features. Sporadic architectural features, subsistence remains, and artifacts indicate some limited contact with coastal cultures to the north and highland cultures to the east.

Keywords: Casma Valley; Initial Period; Preceramic; modular architecture; sociopolitical complexity; monumental architecture; state-level society; irrigation agriculture; subsistence exchange

Chapter.  12212 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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