Chapter

Monumental Public Complexes and Agricultural Expansion On Peru's Central Coast During the Second Millennium Bc

Richard L. Burger and Lucy C Salazar

in Early New World Monumentality

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780813038087
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043128 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0014
Monumental Public Complexes and Agricultural Expansion On Peru's Central Coast During the Second Millennium Bc

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During the second millennium bc monumental architecture proliferated along the Peru's central coast on a scale rarely if ever equaled in the area's prehistory. Drawing upon investigations in the Lurín Valley, this chapter explores the emergence of multiple public centers with distinctive U-shaped pyramid complexes and their relationship to the expansion of irrigation agriculture and concomitant demographic growth. By the end of this period there were least ten public centers with monumental architecture in the lower and middle Lurín Valley. It is argued that monumental architecture developed in tandem with agricultural production on Peru's central coast and that the distinctive settlement pattern documented during the Initial Period in the Lurín Valley reflects factors other than the emergence of the archaic state. On the basis of this case, we explore the importance of chronological control for interpreting settlement patterns.

Keywords: Peru; Manchay Culture; pyramid complexes; Lurin Valley; Formative; Initial Period; monumental architecture

Chapter.  10117 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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