Chapter

The City Sleeps

MIGUEL A. Bretos

in Matanzas

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780813038100
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041568 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813038100.003.0013
The City Sleeps

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The war for independence devastated Matanzas seemingly in vain, for its immediate result was foreign military occupation. When the Cuban Republic was proclaimed in 1902, the Platt Amendment, an appendix to the Cuban constitution, authorized the United States to intervene in Cuba under certain circumstances. Matanzas was fortunate and fared well under its American military governor during the occupation, Gen. James H. Wilson. During the years of the early republic, it became attractive to evangelical missionaries. A degree of material progress—Matanzas was the first Cuban city to offer an electrical streetcar service—disguised the town's decline from its former glories. Matanzas became Cuba's “ciudad dormida” (“sleeping city”).

Keywords: Platt Amendment; evangelicals; James H. Wilson; material progress; streetcars

Chapter.  5420 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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