Continuity and Change at Raiford

Edited by Vivien M. L. Miller

in Hard Labor and Hard Time

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780813039855
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043760 | DOI:
Continuity and Change at Raiford

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Chapters 7, 8, and 9 focus largely on the experiences of Grade 2 inmates at Raiford prison farm during the 1930s and 1940s. This chapter examines official efforts to prolong commercial farming as an integral part of the state prison system and evaluates the states-use system during the Depression and war years. The links between state and national anxieties over rising numbers of young white male offenders in the Depression years and the implementation of new classification procedures for white male first offenders are examined. These changes underscore that penal reform in Florida was designed first and foremost for white male inmates and consequently perpetuated the secondary and discriminatory treatment of black male and many female prisoners.

Keywords: Jim Crow prison treatment; Belle Glade prison farm; states-use; Prison Industries Reorganization Administration; NAACP; first-offenders' camp; Flat Top maximum-security segregation building; Florida Parole and Probation Commission; wartime prison labor

Chapter.  13395 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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