“Justifiable Pride”: Negotiation and Collaboration in Florida African American Extension

Kelly A. Minor

in Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780813039862
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043777 | DOI:
“Justifiable Pride”: Negotiation and Collaboration in Florida African American Extension

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Kelly A. Minor explores the relationships between agents of the Negro Division of the Florida Agricultural Extension Service and African American farm families in a state with a nearly 50 percent land ownership rate among black farmers. Minor argues that the farm families influenced the programs delivered by home demonstration agents over the entire history of the Negro Division's existence. She explains the institutional structure of the division as well as the chain of command within the division and between the division and the white service. Such a structure implies that forces of reform flowed directly out and into communities and farm homes. Yet black home demonstration agents had to respond to the interests of farm families, communities, governing bodies, and funding sources. They had to adopt practical strategies to offset inadequate support from the state as well as racism and sexism that compromised their ability to do their jobs. Ultimately, the informal education that black home demonstration agents provided helped farm families because even though farmers selectively adopted the advice, the services gave families support that they otherwise lacked.

Keywords: Florida; Agricultural Extension Service; home demonstration; reform; homes; sexism; informal education

Chapter.  8715 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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