Chapter

Crisis and Reaction in Latin America: The Liberation Movement

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040134
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043838 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0010
Crisis and Reaction in Latin America: The Liberation Movement

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This chapter examines the Latin American liberation movement as an implementation of Vatican Council II. It discusses the movement's origin as a result of the poverty and social disorder in many Latin American countries resulting from the colonial legacy. An examination of these conditions by Catholic middle-class university students and theologians working among the poor gave rise to the theological formulations of the movement that emphasized social justice. It was based on biblical theology and an option for the poor. The chapter discusses opposition to the movement within Catholicism, its assessment by the Medellín, Puebla, and Santo Domingo conferences of Latin American bishops and the Vatican reaction.

Keywords: colonial legacy; liberation movement; poverty; social disorder; option for the poor; social justice; bishops' conferences

Chapter.  4246 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociology

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