Chapter

Militarization in Guatemala

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040134
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043838 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0019
Militarization in Guatemala

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When the insurgents had been defeated, the military turned the Maya areas into militarized zones. The goal was to prevent a reoccurrence of insurgency by rooting out any remaining guerrilla bands and by harassing their sympathizers. The army constructed centers to relocate and re-educate former combatants and supporters of the insurgency as well as refugees from destroyed communities. Maya Catholics sought to go on with their lives in a number of different ways. Some lived under army control in centers of relocation. Others sought to escape the army by becoming refugees in Mexico or hiding out in mobile bands in the jungles of northwest Ixcan. Under these varying conditions, Catholic groups carried on with their communal life based on biblical reflection as well as they could.

Keywords: militarized zones; re-education; army control; refugee areas; Mexican camps; Jungle dwellers

Chapter.  4375 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociology

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