Chapter

Liberation Catholicism: Its Relation to the Morality of Armed Rebellion

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040134
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043838 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0026
Liberation Catholicism: Its Relation to the Morality of Armed Rebellion

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This chapter describes the four conditions that justify the waging of a just war in the Catholic tradition: 1. there must be serious, lasting, and certain damage inflicted on a community (assessment of situation); 2. all other means to combat the source of the damage must have been shown to be ineffective (strategic consideration); 3. there must be a reasonable possibility that the use of armed violence will accomplish its goal (military possibility); 4. there must be a reasonable basis for assuming that the use of armed violence will bring about social justice and not lead to a situation of greater evil and disorder than that which it is attempting to replace (political possibility). Using these four criteria, the chapter examines the resort to arms by Liberation Catholics. It concludes that the third and fourth conditions were not present. Therefore in the writer's opinion, it lacked objective morality.

Keywords: just war; assessment of situation; strategic consideration; military possibility; political possibility; objective morality

Chapter.  6603 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociology

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