Chapter

Mississippian Influence in the Glades, Belle Glade, and East Okeechobee Areas of South Florida

Misha Klein

in Late Prehistoric Florida

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040141
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043821 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813040141.003.0003
Mississippian Influence in the Glades, Belle Glade, and East Okeechobee Areas of South Florida

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This chapter examines the southeastern Atlantic coast and the interior Lake Okeechobee-lower Kissimmee River regions. The author outlines three culture areas-Glades, Belle Glade, and East Okeechobee-in terms of ceramics, mound centers, settlement distributions, and occasional evidence for long-distance connections. Each area had a fishing-hunting-gathering subsistence economy predicated specifically on estuarine (coast) or freshwater (interior) aquatic resources. Ample evidence of large-scale construction in the form of mounds, earthworks, and shellworks is presented. Massive amounts of wet soil were moved to cut lengthy canals through the interior wetlands, eventually linking Lake Okeechobee with the Caloosahatchee River and the Gulf coast, an impressive display of engineering knowledge. Water travel was key to human movement throughout south Florida.

Keywords: Glades culture; Belle Glade Culture; East Okeechobee culture; canals

Chapter.  6166 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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