Chapter

The Alachua of North-Central Florida

Misha Klein

in Late Prehistoric Florida

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040141
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043821 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813040141.003.0006
The Alachua of North-Central Florida

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This chapter tackles the Alachua culture of north-central Florida, which emerged in Late Woodland times and persisted into the Spanish Mission period. Their material culture is not elaborate and their mounds are low and unassuming. At present, Alachua components lack clear archaeological evidence of both long-distance interaction and chiefly organization. While indirect evidence of maize horticulture is revealed on cob-marked pottery surfaces, sparse macrobotanical evidence of corn has been recovered from precolumbian contexts. Rolland explains how we have yet to pinpoint conclusively when maize farming was incorporated into the Alachua subsistence base, but it appears to have been a rather late addition to a hunting-and-gathering way of life. In fact, maize apparently did not become a significant part of the Alachua diet until a century or two prior to European contact, a time that may also have witnessed the rise of chiefly leaders.

Keywords: Alachua culture; maize agriculture; cob-marked pottery; hunting and gathering

Chapter.  8101 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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