Fort Walton Culture in the Tallahassee Hills

Misha Klein

in Late Prehistoric Florida

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040141
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043821 | DOI:
Fort Walton Culture in the Tallahassee Hills

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This chapter critiques questionable Fort Walton models, arguing that most are based upon meager data and have become very derived. In the rolling Tallahassee Hills between the Aucilla and Ocklockonee rivers of northwest Florida, Fort Walton settlement aligns with the multitude of lakes, in the absence of large alluvial streams, but soils were still good for agriculture. Platform mound-village complexes, abundant exotic artifacts, and ceramics in Mississippian forms indicate typical Mississippian political systems. Engraved copper plates at Lake Jackson with female burials even suggest women chiefs or clan leaders in these likely matrilineal societies. Marrinan shows gaps in the field data for many sites and questions the continuity between prehistoric Tallahassee Fort Walton and the historic Apalachee encountered so early and changed so quickly by the Spanish.

Keywords: Lake Jackson; Fort Walton culture; Tallahassee Hills; Apalachee

Chapter.  14845 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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