Fort Walton Culture in the Apalachicola Valley, Northwest Florida

Misha Klein

in Late Prehistoric Florida

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780813040141
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043821 | DOI:
Fort Walton Culture in the Apalachicola Valley, Northwest Florida

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This chapter presents Fort Walton in the Apalachicola-lower Chattahoochee Valley. The authors describe mounds, evidence for maize farming (but continuing foraging lifeways on the coast), and Fort Walton emergence from local Woodland foundations. New investigations at the Yon, Pierce, and Curlee sites provide details of ceramic chronology. The distinctive six-pointed open bowl, near-absence of shell temper, and unusual lack of chipped stone in Apalachicola Fort Walton may all mean maintenance of a specific identity within the greater Mississippian world. A few protohistoric dates suggest that Fort Walton peoples of unknown ethnicity retained their culture as something else moved in. No Spanish were in the region until the late Mission period, but their germs and a very few of their artifacts did arrive. Rapid depopulation in the sixteenth century apparently left much of the valley empty until ca. 1700 with the arrival of Proto-Creeks from the north.

Keywords: Apalachicola; Fort Walton culture; shell-tempered pottery; Yon site; Curlee site; Pierce site

Chapter.  13842 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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