Chapter

Bioarchaeological Signatures of Strife in Terminal Pueblo III Settlements in the Northern San Juan

Kristin A. Kuckelman

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780813041506
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043876 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0007
Bioarchaeological Signatures of Strife in Terminal Pueblo III Settlements in the Northern San Juan

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The consequence of small-scale conflict that moves beyond inter-village or inter-tribal violence and involves an entire region is the focus of this chapter by Kristin A. Kuckelman. The intent of the chapter is to examine the dramatic increase in violence within the San Juan region of the American Southwest at the end of the thirteenth century when there were a series of repeated and severe droughts. The emphasis is on the sites that experienced extreme episodes of violence just prior to the depopulation of the region when people and whole communities migrated to less resource-deficient areas. Prior to migration, however, this merger of declining environmental conditions and increasing socio-political stress amplified hostile relations in the region. The result of this hostility was conflict between not only individuals or groups within a specific community but also multiple communities.

Keywords: Small-scale violence; Regional conflict; Massacre sites; Cannibalism; Drought; Depopulation; Collapse

Chapter.  5603 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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