Chapter

The Space of War: Connecting Geophysical Landscapes with Skeletal Evidence of Warfare-Related Trauma

Heather Worne, Charles R. Cobb, Giovanna Vidoli and Dawnie Wolfe Steadman

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780813041506
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043876 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0008
The Space of War: Connecting Geophysical Landscapes with Skeletal Evidence of Warfare-Related Trauma

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What sets bioarchaeology apart from traditional osteological analysis is that it is focused on context. Chapter authors Heather Worne, Charles R. Cobb, Giovanna Vidoli, and Dawnie Wolfe Steadman use the focus on context to explore the ways that violent encounters come to affect how societies organize themselves spatially. Though there are optimal geophysical locations for gaining and maintaining access to resources, another consideration for where to put a village is its vulnerability to attack. The violent encounters in the Middle Cumberland Region of Tennessee during the eleventh century are different in several ways. Hostilities in the region do not increase as a result of environmental stress as this region is fairly rich in terms of natural resources. While the increasing conflict does lead to an increase in site fortification and the selection of more remote site locations, the people do not abandon the region even with increasingly violent encounters.

Keywords: Violence; Site locations; Landscape; Fortification; Environment; Line of Sight

Chapter.  5570 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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