Conclusion: Implications and Future Directions

Ryan P. Harrod, Debra L. Martin and Ventura R. Pérez

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780813041506
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043876 | DOI:
Conclusion: Implications and Future Directions

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This concluding chapter by Ryan P. Harrod, Debra L. Martin, and Ventura R. Pérez provides an overview of some of the major findings regarding small-scale conflicts, warfare, and ritualized violence in ancient populations. There is a hope that readers might start to make connections between violence enacted in the past and violence as we see it enacted today. The role of performance and public display, which is so well understood for the Maya and the Mississippian cultures, was precisely what was seen in the gruesome violence in Rwanda, Croatia, and even now at the Mexican-U.S. borderlands. If we have learned anything from the ancient world, it is that violence is often meant to be performative and to carry messages far beyond the killing of individuals. The studies in this volume presented a range of case studies where complexity, variability, and ambiguities in the total picture of how violence works was enhanced by utilizing theoretical frameworks that are responsive to variables underlying violence interactions. Using more contextualized and sophisticated analyses will continue to bring to light new ways to ask questions about violence. This will lead us to ultimately be able to explain aspects of human behavior related to violence.

Keywords: Ancient violence; Bioarchaeology

Chapter.  1902 words. 

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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