Chapter

The Convention

William S. Belko

in The Triumph of the Antebellum Free Trade Movement

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780813041742
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043937 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813041742.003.0003
The Convention

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Discusses the debates at the Philadelphia Free Trade Convention of 1831, emphasizing the delegates' desire to maintain unity and harmony in the face of conflicting positions about the protective tariff, namely whether the tariff was unconstitutional or not. All delegates believed that the protective system was economically unsound, an unjust tax on the American people, and detrimental to the lower and middle classes–but only half of the members, primarily Southerners, believed the protective tariff to be outright unconstitutional. The delegates succeeded in bridging this divide, in its Address to the People of the United States, which discussed all aspects incidental to the protective system and the advantages of free trade. Delegates then formed a committee to research the dangers inherent in the protective system and compose a Memorial to Congress.

Keywords: Protective tariff; Free trade; Nullification; Philadelphia Convention; American System; Address to the People of the United States; Manufactures

Chapter.  19269 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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