Chapter

Diggers, Scientists, and Antiquarians: History of Archaeological Research

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042060
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813042060.003.0002
Diggers, Scientists, and Antiquarians: History of Archaeological Research

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This chapter presents a summary of archaeological investigations in Miami-Dade County beginning with the first documentation of sites on the Miami River by Jeffery Wyman in 1869. From these early cursory investigations to Miami's rapid development after its incorporation in 1896, the chapter reveals the staggering loss of sites, including the destruction of all the city's burial mounds during that period. This chapter discusses the first systematic archaeological survey of the county by archaeologist John Goggin from the 1930s through the 1950s. Subsequent investigations by avocational archaeologists and archaeological societies are also summarized, as well as the development of the county historic preservation program, which includes one of the nation's first county ordinances to protect archaeological sites—a program that is still active today under the guidance of a county archeologist. The program has been served by four county archaeologists since its inception in 1981.

Keywords: John Goggin; Dan Laxson; Jeffery Wyman; avocational archaeologist; Florida Anthropological Society

Chapter.  7677 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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