The First People: The Cutler Fossil Site

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042060
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043463 | DOI:
The First People: The Cutler Fossil Site

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This chapter presents a summary of the discovery and documentation of the Cutler Site, 8DA2001, the earliest known archaeological site in southeastern Florida. Unraveling the mystery of human remains mixed with extinct fossil megafauna bones is revealed through the analysis of artifacts, animal bones, and the identification of burnt bones that were used to distinguish between the cultural and fossil assemblages. Previously unknown types of lithic artifacts made from local limestone as well as exotic chert artifacts from central Florida are discussed. The human remains of five individuals are identified by Dr. George Armelagos. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the extinction of megafauna in North America, and how the Cutler Site provides clues to understanding South Florida's paleoenvironment and dramatic climate changes 11,000 years ago. Evidence of climate change at Cutler is indicated by the presence of hazelnuts and extensive water erosion.

Keywords: Cutler Site; Paleo-Indian; megafauna; solution hole

Chapter.  6036 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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