Chapter

The Perfect Balance: Adapting to the Land and Sea

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042060
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813042060.003.0006
The Perfect Balance: Adapting to the Land and Sea

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By 1000 BC prehistoric adaptation to the wetlands of South Florida was complete. A comprehensive assemblage of tools and artifacts had been developed from local resources, such as shell, bone, and wood. These raw materials were used for local artifact assemblages because hard stone, such as chert, does not occur in South Florida. Pottery manufacturing begins by 1000 BC and continues through the Glades III period, with a discussion of the distinctive types used by archaeologists to identify chronological periods and regional variations. Zooarchaeological studies are highlighted revealing trends and patterns in coastal versus Everglades subsistence. Solution hole interments and midden burials continue through the Glades period but the introduction of burial mounds—including rock mounds—begins during this period.

Keywords: Glades period; zooarchaeological; burial mounds; rock mounds

Chapter.  9231 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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