European Contact: The Transition to Extinction

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042060
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043463 | DOI:
European Contact: The Transition to Extinction

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This chapter examines the impacts of European contact in the sixteenth century. From the arrival of Ponce de Leon in 1513 to the visit by Pedro Menendez in 1567, the effects of Spanish colonization are narrated using archival documents and archaeological evidence. The changing alliances between the Tequesta and the Spanish are presented using first-hand accounts by Spanish priests who founded the failed mission on the Miami River in 1567. A second mission, Santa Maria de Lorento, is founded in 1743, but it too fails. This two-hundred-year period of Spanish contact causes the demise of the Tequesta. With no immunity to European diseases and increasing slave raids by Creeks, the Tequesta and South Florida population is reduced to less than 300 people by 1763. This chapter discusses Tequesta acculturation to European contact and describes artifacts uncovered at the Miami mission site and other sites in the area.

Keywords: mission; acculturation; Pedro Menendez; European contact

Chapter.  7657 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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