Chapter

Stockades and Musket Balls

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042060
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813042060.003.0013
Stockades and Musket Balls

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This chapter examines the history of the Seminole Wars (1836-1858) in southeast Florida. After the attack on the Cape Florida lighthouse in 1836 and Indian Key in 1840, most of South Florida became depopulated of settlers. The arrival of the military, including the army, navy, and cutter marines, led to the establishment of two principal forts: Fort Dallas on the Miami River and Fort Bankhead on Key Biscayne. At least four temporary forts or camps also were established: Fort Miami, Fort Kemble, Fort Henry, and “Fort Desolation.” Archaeological evidence of military life in South Florida is examined from fort sites and from military camps into the Everglades. Associated artifacts and documentation of soldiers’ graves are discussed. The most enduring evidence of the area's military presence, the military road built between Fort Dallas and Fort Lauderdale, is discussed and surviving segments of the road are identified.

Keywords: Fort Dallas; military history; Fort Bankhead; Fort Henry; Captain Abner Doubleday; Colonel Shelby Harney

Chapter.  6277 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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