Chapter

The Miami Circle and Beyond

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042060
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813042060.003.0018
The Miami Circle and Beyond

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This chapter summarizes the discovery of the Miami Circle in 1998 and how it has provided insight into Tequesta rituals, social complexity, and likely religious influences. The circle's significance is examined through its unique architecture, features, and exotic artifacts. The importance of three animal interments—a shark, bottlenose dolphin, and sea turtle—is discussed. Exotic artifacts such as copper, galena, non-local ceramics, and basalt celts found at the Circle are compared to similar exotica from the overall site and to other sites in the area. Trade with northern and central parts of Florida may have existed allowing exotica to arrive at the mouth of the Miami River in exchange for plumes, shark teeth, and shells. Influences from Hopewellian and subsequent Mississippian religious ideas are presented.

Keywords: exotica; Mississippian; Hopewellian; Miami Circle

Chapter.  5531 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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