Chapter

Daily Activity and Lower Limb Modification at Bab edh-Dhra̓, Jordan, in the Early Bronze Age

Jaime M. Ullinger, Susan G. Sheridan and Donald J. Ortner

in Bioarchaeology and Behavior

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780813042299
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813043449 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813042299.003.0009
Daily Activity and Lower Limb Modification at Bab edh-Dhra̓, Jordan, in the Early Bronze Age

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The cemetery of Bab edh-Dhra' spans from Early Bronze IA to IV (ca. 3150–2200 BC). There are no settlement remains dating to the EB IA (3150–3050 BC). Sometime during EBII-III (2850 BC–2300 BC), people erected a large, walled town supported by increased agriculture and secondary product use near the EBIA cemetery. Mortuary practices also shifted, and people were buried in large, above-ground charnel houses rather than shaft tombs. Both archaeological and skeletal/dental evidence indicate an increasingly sedentary lifestyle with a greater reliance on agriculture from EB IA through EB II-III. This study suggests that daily activity changes affected the ankles and feet of people at Bab edh-Dhra', but that stresses on the knee remained similar over time.

Keywords: Jordan; Early Bronze Age; Musculoskeletal markers; Activity patterns; Urbanization

Chapter.  6713 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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