Chapter

The Dutch-Spanish Rivalry

José Eugenio Borao Mateo

in The Spanish Experience in Taiwan, 1626–1642

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9789622090835
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882207417 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789622090835.003.0002
The Dutch-Spanish Rivalry

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This chapter discusses the five phases of Dutch-Spanish rivalry which was characterized by a seasonal blockade of the Iberian harbors. In the first phase of the Dutch-Spanish rivalry (1600–1609), the Dutch tried to conquer the main spice production area, the Moluccas. The second phase (1610–1619) almost coincides with the Twelve Years' Truce (1609–1621). During this period, the Dutch tried to drive the Spaniards from the spice production region by the Manila blockades. The third phase involved blockades of Manila (1620–1629) with Dutch fleets based mainly in Japan. The fourth phase (1630–1639) was a very stable period without special conflicts. The fifth phase, called the “Dutch wars” (1640–1648) started at the same time as the independence of Portugal from Spain. The Dutch conquered Malacca from the Portuguese (1641) and Quelang from the Spaniards (1642), and resumed strong blockades of Manila.

Keywords: Dutch-Spanish rivalry; Iberian harbors; Moluccas; Twelve Years's Truce; Manila; Japan; Dutch wars; Portugal; Malacca; Quelang

Chapter.  11384 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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