Chapter

Civil Society in Self-Defense

Ma Nagok

in Political Development in Hong Kong

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9789622098107
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882207271 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789622098107.003.0008
Civil Society in Self-Defense

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Hong Kong's civil society was not able to initiate democracy. Its civil society was not powerful enough to bring about political change because of the China factor: the PRC's party-state and Hong Kong civil society fostered a significant power imbalance. Another reason for such is that the civil society had a dual structure and was often under encroachment. The CSOs were thus unable to form a strong political force to bring about reforms. “New social movements” arose and ad hoc united fronts emerged as the dominant forms of movement organization. In this chapter, the constraints of the social movement and the liberal CSOs are examined through a discussion on the social movements' historical evolution.

Keywords: CSOs; civil society; democracy; social movements; united fronts; China

Chapter.  9722 words. 

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