Chapter

Political Parties and Elections

MA Ngok

in Contemporary Hong Kong Politics

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9789622098299
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882206779 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789622098299.003.0007
Political Parties and Elections

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This chapter discusses the development of political parties and the electoral system in Hong Kong, and analyzes the problems that have confronted their development. It also reports the change from direct election formula to a proportional representation system and its effects, such as the change in campaign strategies and strategic voting. In addition, the performance of the two political camps in the elections after 1997 is highlighted and it is argued that they have more or less achieved a stable balance of power. Party politics in Hong Kong was born and grew up in the 1990s, when the regime opened up for partial elections. However, it largely failed to register significant developments after 1997. Elections since 1991 reveal that the democrats consistently got about 60% of the votes and the conservatives 30–5% in the direct election part, and that the democrats were largely unable to lay their hands on the functional constituency (FC) seats that were elected by corporate voting.

Keywords: political parties; electoral system; Hong Kong; elections; campaign strategies; strategic voting

Chapter.  7756 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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