The Importance of Migration Flow to Hong Kong’s Future

Richard Y. C. Wong and Ka-fu Wong

in Hong Kong Mobile

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9789622099180
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882206984 | DOI:
The Importance of Migration Flow to Hong Kong’s Future

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With institutional and cultural improvisations facilitated by systems of law regarding custom and rights, Hong Kong has, over the century, absorbed different kinds of migrants and sojourners. The mobile populations have been driven by diverse individual and family strategies. The postwar years saw continuing ebbs and flows of people across Hong Kong's borders. This chapter uses census and other quantitative data to highlight the dramatic changes in the demographic landscape due to the massive population flows from China and discusses the implications for the territory's labor market and subsequent economic development. Hong Kong's population is ageing. The study shows that by 2011 the largest population age group will be those who have turned fifty. The chapter argues that in the absence of major policy changes, the best educated segment of Hong Kong by the year 2031 will be in one of the oldest age categories (55–59).

Keywords: ageing population; human capital; Mainland China; immigration waves; mobile populations

Chapter.  9421 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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