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Education Reforms and Social Mobility: Rethinking the History of Hong Kong Education

Bernard Hung-kay Luk, Angel Lin, Choi Po-king and Wong Ping-man

in Hong Kong Mobile

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9789622099180
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882206984 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789622099180.003.0011
Education Reforms and Social Mobility: Rethinking the History of Hong Kong Education

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This chapter asks, how did Hong Kong society maintain an impressive stability despite enormous structural changes in the economy, massive population movements, and gross and persistent inequalities? It argues that one important and often overlooked factor was schooling. Tracing Hong Kong's history of provisioning schooling in the half century following the Second World War, in particular in the development of curriculum and examinations and the financial investment in and economic returns from education, the chapter analyzes how a diverse migrant population and a generation of local born were prepared for postwar development. Not only were the varied educational resources able to provide a work force with different classes of skills, but also they imparted a particular discipline, work ethic, and mobility aspirations.

Keywords: population movements; schooling; World War; postwar development; social stability

Chapter.  14262 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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