The Second Phase of Fort Building

Richard J. Garrett

in The Defences of Macau

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9789622099937
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882206809 | DOI:
The Second Phase of Fort Building

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This chapter examines the second phase of fort construction in Macau during the nineteenth century. During this period, granite was the main building material used and brickwork was also extensively used for internal structures. The forts were generally designed to resist a siege or an attack from heavy artillery. The design was simple and they appear merely like places to mount cannon and their defenses were limited to the resistance of attacks by foot soldiers armed with rifles.

Keywords: forts; Macau; granite; brickwork; cannon; military defense

Chapter.  4450 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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