Chapter

Juvenile Justice Issues (1): The Age of Criminal Responsibility and the “Family Conference”

Francis Wing-lin Lee

in Nurturing Pillars of Society

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9789888028801
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882207226 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789888028801.003.0013
Juvenile Justice Issues (1): The Age of Criminal Responsibility and the “Family Conference”

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In achieving a guilty finding in the Hong Kong legal system, both criminal intent or Mens Rea and the criminal act itself or Actus Reus have to be proven. It is important to note that the age considered to be mature enough to foster criminal intent, however, differs from country to country because of variations in social environment and culture. Today, the minimum age of criminal responsibility has shifted from seven to 10 as a result of recommendations made by the Bar Association of Hong Kong and the United Nations Committee on Children's Rights. As heated debates were stirred because of this issue, A Bill Committee on the Juvenile Offenders Bill 2001 was formulated in July 2002 so that the issue could be given further examination. After the final legislation was passed, the ordinance became law in July 2003.

Keywords: Mens Rea; Actus Reus; criminal intent; criminal responsibility; minimum age

Chapter.  2735 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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