Chapter

Elementary and Secondary Schooling

Edward J. M. Rhoads

in Stepping Forth into the World

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9789888028863
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882207424 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789888028863.003.0008
Elementary and Secondary Schooling

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The two New England states where the Chinese Educational Mission (CEM) boys were sent were spearheading American educational reform in the second half of the nineteenth century. By the 1870s, the two states were mandating free schooling at the elementary and secondary level. The school system at that time was highly localized and varied from place to place. Furthermore, it comprised both public and private institutions. The CEM boys went to both private and public schools. In the 1870s, two types of secondary schools existed in New England — high schools and academies — which differed in many ways. The high schools were located in urban areas, tax supported, and free to local residents, whereas academies were usually set in rural communities, privately funded, and necessarily charged for tuition. The core content of the American educational curriculum was quite different from what was taught in China. Nevertheless, they made rapid progress in their studies.

Keywords: New England; Chinese Educational Mission; elementary level; secondary level; high schools; academies; free schooling; American educational curriculum

Chapter.  10613 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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