Chapter

Mother of China

Grant Hayter-Menzies

in The Empress and Mrs. Conger

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9789888083008
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9789882207554 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789888083008.003.0013
Mother of China

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This chapter presents a brief biography of Empress Dowager Cixi. The received birth date for Cixi is November 29, 1835, but where her birth took place is a mystery. Cixi's father, Kueixiang, was a descendant of Nurhaci, the first ruler of the Manchu imperial house. This made him an imperial alternate, of lineage so designated to mark it off from the ruling imperial lineage. In the thirty-seven years before Sarah Conger's arrival in China in July 1898, Cixi had become the most powerful woman in the world next to Queen Victoria, one of the few foreign leaders she admired. The Empress Dowager has been the first of her race to apprehend the problem of the relation of China to the outer world, and to make use of this relation to strengthen her dynasty and promote material progress.

Keywords: Empress Dowager Cixi; Kueixiang; Nurhaci; Cixi; Sarah Conger

Chapter.  3540 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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