The Comprehensive Certificate of Origin: The Fourth Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9789888083985
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9789882209084 | DOI:
The Comprehensive Certificate of Origin: The Fourth Piece of Paper

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In 1950 the USA introduced the Foreign Assets Control Regulations, which effectively stopped all imports into the USA using Chinese raw materials. Hong Kong’s industry was hit hard by this, and a Comprehensive Certificate of Origin system developed to assure the US authorities that products claiming Hong Kong origin did, in fact, originate from Hong Kong and not from China. This chapter describes the development of that system and the problems that arose in a variety of Hong Kong products – from jade carvings to duck eggs. The chapter also describes the author’s experiences during the Disturbances of 1967 – a series of riots and terrorist incidents in Hong Kong relating to the Cultural Revolution in China.

Keywords: Hong Kong; China; Free Trade; Protectionism; Comprehensive Certificate of Origin; 1967 Disturbances; Cultural Revolution

Chapter.  4835 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management

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