Chapter

Political Parties and Elections

Ma Ngok

in Contemporary Hong Kong Government and Politics

Published by Hong Kong University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9789888139477
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9789882208681 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789888139477.003.0008
Political Parties and Elections

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This chapter describes the development of political parties and the electoral system in Hong Kong, and analyzes the problems that have confronted their development. Political parties started to develop in the 1980s as a result of gradual democratization in Hong Kong. As the talks on the political future of Hong Kong were well underway, political parties also mushroomed, which were generally divided into pro-democracy and pro-China camps. Such a division has lasted until today, and the two camps are varied, to different degrees, in their political ideologies, and positions on labour, welfare, economic, and livelihood issues. Despite their long history, political parties in Hong Kong are remarkably weak and are confronted by various obstacles, such as the anti-politics stance of the CPG. Like party development, Hong Kong's electoral experience has also been unique. The chapter traces the change of direct election formula to a proportional representation system, and its effects such as the change in campaign strategies and strategic voting.

Keywords: Hong Kong; Government; Politics; Special Administrative Region; Political parties; Livelihood; Proportional representation; Elections

Chapter.  7992 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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