Chapter

War Comes to Korea

Edited by William T. Bowers

in The Line

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780813125084
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135144 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125084.003.0001
War Comes to Korea

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Violence was no longer unfamiliar between North and South Korea as various infantry engagements, guerilla encounters, and artillery bombardment frequently occurred. However, South Korean soldiers as well as their American advisors realized that the attack on June 25, 1950, was different. Frontline Republic of Korea (ROK) forces spread out as a result of several surprise attacks, and soon even the reserve forces were also under attack. Under Kim Il Sung, North Korea's potential for war was already recognized and it was already able to establish a military force comprised of 135,000 men that was divided into ten infantry divisions and was well trained by the Soviet Union, and artillery, a tank brigade, and an air force. North Korea asserted that the South Koreans may be occupied before any intervention from the United States would occur.

Keywords: United States; North Korea; Republic of Korea; South Korea; Soviet Union; military

Chapter.  13837 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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