Chapter

Retreat to Wonju

Edited by William T. Bowers

in The Line

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780813125084
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135144 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125084.003.0002
Retreat to Wonju

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As the U.S. I and IX Corps were sent to the south of the Han River as a result of the Chinese New Year's Offensive which led to the abandonment of Seoul, North Korean forces attacked the II and III Corps of the ROK. Since General Ridgway expressed his belief that giving way to the center would entail danger for the American forces in the west and for their logistical base at Pusan, the 2d Infantry division—which was still recovering from its previous losses in its North Korean encounter in November—proved to be the only available backup forces. The December 1950 Command Report of the 2d Infantry Division illustrated how these forces were able to regain strength, train replacements, and reinforce the ROK forces as well as protect the Eighth Army.

Keywords: I and IX Corps; Seoul; Chinese new Year; ROK forces; General Ridgway; Eighth Army; 2d Infantry Division

Chapter.  6043 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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