Chapter

Confronting Development

Ronald D Eller

in Uneven Ground

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780813125237
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135014 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125237.003.0005
Confronting Development

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This chapter deals with the antipoverty program and implementation of the most important provisions of the Economic Opportunity Act (EOA). It notes that not long after the passage of the EOA, critics from the left and the right were attacking the antipoverty campaign as a muddled effort full of inefficiency and waste. Much of the confusion in the first year centered on the control of the urban Community Action Agency (CAA), which some big-city mayors saw as patronage pipelines to grease their own political machines. Doubts about the War on Poverty were slower to appear in Appalachia, in part because of the intensity of despair in the mountains and the hope generated by national attention. The activism generated by the War on Poverty, moreover, stirred a renaissance of regional scholarship, culture, and identity that survived long after the poverty battles had calmed.

Keywords: antipoverty program; EOA; CAA; War on Poverty; Appalachia; regional scholarship; culture; identity

Chapter.  17923 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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