Kentucky’s “most distinguished woman citizen” 1919–1920

Melba Porter Hay

in Madeline McDowell Breckinridge and the Battle for a New South

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780813125329
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135236 | DOI:
Kentucky’s “most distinguished woman citizen” 1919–1920

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Madeline Breckinridge became president again of KERA when it met in March 1919. She felt reinvigorated and eager to move forward for the cause of woman suffrage after being pronounced cured of tuberculosis in autumn 1918. Prospects for the federal amendment had never looked brighter, even though the U.S. Senate had failed by one vote on February 10 to give it the necessary two-thirds majority. NAWSA now constituted a mass movement whose strength had grown exponentially since Catt devised her “Winning Plan.” Demonstrations by the National Woman's Party and the government's attack on its right of assembly through arrest, imprisonment, and force-feeding led many in Washington to question the government's actions. The two suffrage groups, though not consciously cooperating, caused a backlash that coerced the Wilson administration to endorse the federal amendment.

Keywords: Madge Breckinridge; KERA; woman suffrage; tuberculosis; federal amendment; U.S. Senate; NAWSA; Wilson administration

Chapter.  8771 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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