Twenty years after the conclusion of peace, war again erupted in Europe. In the early morning of the first of September 1939, German forces invaded Poland on the pretext of a contrived Polish provocation at the Silesian border town of Gleiwitz. All advantage lay with the attackers. The Germans fielded well-trained forces motivated by the promises of Nazi ideology. The Germans enjoyed another major advantage over their opponents: they were developing a new strategy for waging war called Blitzkrieg, or lightning war. Based on the assault tactics of World War I developed by General Oskar von Hutier and Colonel Georg Bruchmüller, blitzkrieg depended on surprise, exploitation of breakthrough, command at the front, and other shock tactics. To a considerable degree, blitzkrieg was assault tactics on wheels and tracks.
Keywords: Germany; Poland; Gleiwitz; Nazi; Blitzkrieg; lightning war; Oskar von Hutier; Georg Bruchmüller; shock tactics; Europe
Chapter. 6754 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Military History
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