Chapter

American Intervention, 1940–1945

Richard C. Hall

in Consumed by War

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780813125589
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135328 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125589.003.0010
American Intervention, 1940–1945

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The renewal of the twentieth-century European conflict did not initially attract a great deal of interest in the United States. The country was in the grip of the Depression. Many Americans, disappointed by the failed settlement of the previous war, were determined to avoid further involvement in European affairs. In addition, some Americans, among them the aviation hero Charles Lindbergh and ambassador to Great Britain Joseph Kennedy, evinced some sympathy for the new regime in Germany. These factors underlay a strong sense of isolationism in the United States. The spread of Japanese power in Asia dominated the attention of those Americans who retained an interest in international issues. Congress passed a series of neutrality acts. If a war broke out in Europe or Asia, these acts prohibited American participation in arms sales, required the sale of nonmilitary commodities to be on a cash basis, and forbade American citizens to travel on the ships of belligerents.

Keywords: Europe; conflict; United States; Charles Lindbergh; Joseph Kennedy; Japan; neutrality acts; isolationism; war

Chapter.  5972 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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