Chapter

Balkan Wars, 1991–2001

Richard C. Hall

in Consumed by War

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780813125589
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135328 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125589.003.0014
Balkan Wars, 1991–2001

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This chapter describes the Balkan Wars from 1991–2001. The collapse of the Soviet Empire in eastern Europe in 1989 and the increasing Soviet problems at home eliminated the last remaining prop for the communist ideology in Yugoslavia. By then nationalism had emerged throughout the country. The strength of Serbian nationalism and the fear that the Serbs would attempt to return Yugoslavia to its pre-World War II status greatly alarmed the non-Serbian nationalities. Slobodan Milošević's squelching of the autonomy of Vojvodina and Kosovo in 1989 confirmed these concerns because it represented a direct assault on the federal structure of Yugoslavia. As he became more popular in Serbia, he became more feared elsewhere. Over the next two years, tensions increased throughout Yugoslavia as extremists on all sides began to arm for war.

Keywords: Balkan Wars; Soviet Empire; eastern Europe; Yugoslavia; Serbia; Slobodan Milošević; Kosovo

Chapter.  6071 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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