Chapter

Conclusion

Richard C. Hall

in Consumed by War

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780813125589
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135328 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125589.003.0015
Conclusion

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International conflict throughout twentieth-century Europe can be divided into three parts. The first phase began with the Balkan Wars in 1912, extended through to the end of World War I, and lasted until 1921 in Europe. The Paris peace settlement proved to be fragile, and after a brief respite of only 18 years World War II exploded in Europe. As soon as a new generation grew to the age of maturity, the conflict restarted. Although the second phase was the shortest in duration, it cost the most lives and did the most damage by far. The third conflict, the Cold War, segued neatly with the end of World War II, given the lack of an effective peace settlement. Although the Cold War was the longest lasting of the conflicts and potentially the most deadly, it was in fact the least damaging in terms of human lives and material losses.

Keywords: international conflict; Europe; Balkan Wars; World War I; peace settlement; World War II; Cold War

Chapter.  1338 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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