Chapter

Korea and the Cold War World

William T. Bowers

in Striking Back

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780813125640
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813125640.003.0001
Korea and the Cold War World

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This chapter presents the context needed to understand the fighting that took place during March and early April 1951. The stabilization of the front and the failure of enemy attacks in January and February gave Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway an opportunity to launch several offensives designed to destroy enemy personnel and supplies while building confidence and fighting skills in the UN forces. Lt. Gen. Ridgway replaced Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, who was killed in a traffic accident. He was fully aware of the restrictions under which the war in Korea must be fought. There would be no reinforcements, although losses would be replaced; the war would not be expanded outside of Korea, effectively providing a sanctuary for enemy airfields and supply bases in China; and if defeats in Korea continued, in all likelihood a decision would be made to withdraw. Ridgway aggressively pursued plans to make better use of his own resources. His new offensive, Operation Killer, began on 21 February. The second phase of Operation Ripper began on 14 March.

Keywords: Korea; Matthew B. Ridgway; Cold War; UN forces; Operation Killer; Operation Ripper

Chapter.  6665 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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