Chapter

Elementary and Secondary Education from the Progressive Era to World War II

William E. Ellis

in A History of Education in Kentucky

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780813129778
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135724 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813129778.003.0005
Elementary and Secondary Education from the Progressive Era to World War II

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The period from the 1890s to 1920 is often termed the Progressive Era, and for good reason. Kentucky's common schools of the nineteenth century slowly evolved into the graded public schools of the early twentieth century, this also happened in most other states. Throughout its history, education in Kentucky often seemed to take nearly as many steps backward as forward. After the Civil War, the movement for state-supported normal schools in Kentucky languished. However, most colleges soon added teaching programs or moves towards normal education, providing a service as well as producing revenue. Education in Kentucky appeared to be on the march, the state finally recognizing the need for a state-funded normal school program. Most Kentucky educators of the early twentieth century grew up in the same educational milieu they had entered as teachers in their late teens and early twenties. From the mid-1920s through the Great Depression, several battles were waged in public education, the most important being over free textbooks, equalization, and certification. Kentucky's educational system had been nearly studied to death from 1900 to the early 1940s.

Keywords: elementary education; secondary education; Kentucky; Progressive Era; World War II; Great Depression; Civil War; educational system

Chapter.  35059 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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