Grasping at Solutions, 1964–1967

David Hamilton Golland

in Constructing Affirmative Action

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780813129976
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135472 | DOI:
Grasping at Solutions, 1964–1967

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Several irregular measures were imposed when James Ballard, a “twenty-two-year-old Negro Air Force veteran,” attempted to apply for an apprenticeship so that he would be discouraged from pursuing the application. Although Ballard was able to pass the exam and was even to receive the highest recommendation, Local #28 did not allow him to enter the class. Ballard was one of those who faced injustice along with several other African Americans. Otis Finley — associate director of NUL — identified various discriminatory problems faced by blacks and pointed out that this discrimination poses “a serious threat to our free society.” This chapter demonstrates how federal officers who were in charge of implementing the new legislation were able to come up with a series of programs specifically for individual cities, and how this resulted to utilizing the manning table for compliance.

Keywords: James Ballard; Otis Finley; discrimination; free society; new legislation; manning table; compliance

Chapter.  15326 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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