Pushing the Envelope: The Philadelphia Plans, 1967–1969

David Hamilton Golland

in Constructing Affirmative Action

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780813129976
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135472 | DOI:
Pushing the Envelope: The Philadelphia Plans, 1967–1969

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A complaint was filed by white electricians with the Philadelphia Commission on Human Relations regarding how they were not allowed to work at the United States Mint construction “because of their race.” This case was, however, dismissed since the mint project was federally funded and was out of the jurisdiction of the commission. These men claimed that such measures gave an advantage to nonunion black workers that received inadequate training. Also, they claimed that the project hired workers that were already union members. As a result, twenty-one whites walked out in protest. The federal government's Philadelphia Plan differed from other action plans in the construction industry since it was established with the Federal Executive Board (FEB). This chapter shows how this plan was imposed by Johnson-era officials, how the minor changes from the Nixon-era plan concerned only the procurement law, and how Nixon attempted to further his power through splitting the civil rights movement and organized labor.

Keywords: Federal Executive Board; Johnson; organized labor; civil rights movement; federal government; Philadelphia Plan

Chapter.  16568 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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