Chapter

Affirmative Action and Equal Employment Opportunity

David Hamilton Golland

in Constructing Affirmative Action

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780813129976
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813135472 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813129976.003.0007
Affirmative Action and Equal Employment Opportunity

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Affirmative action, as defined by Merriam-Webster's online dictionary, represents an “active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups and women.” It is important to note, though, that “active effort” is required so that equal opportunity is achieved. Employment policies in the 1960s proved insufficient in notably integrating the workforce as these merely resulted in token integration. Affirmative action between the 1980s and the 1990s soon evolved to refer to “diversity” or “preference.” The main goal of this action was not to provide preference for blacks, but rather further the Great Society ethic that entails how the government should be able to alleviate poverty and rehabilitate the poor. This chapter illustrates how affirmative action should reflect necessary activities that would be able to encourage and impose equal opportunity.

Keywords: affirmative action; equal opportunity; token integration; diversity; poverty alleviation; poor rehabilitation; preference; minority groups

Chapter.  5142 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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